Sanna Kramsi - I would if I could a guide to web accessibility

Social Identity or Cultural Affliation Model

The Social Identity/Cultural Affiliation Model of Disability is a framework that recognizes disability as a social construct. It emphasizes the importance of social and cultural factors in shaping the experiences of people with disabilities. According to this model, disability is not solely a medical or individual issue but rather is shaped by the broader social and cultural context in which it occurs.

The model highlights the importance of social identity in understanding disability. It suggests that individuals with disabilities develop a sense of identity and belonging based on their shared experiences and cultural affiliations. This may include language, customs, beliefs, values, and traditions that are unique to the disability community.

The model also recognizes that disability is intersectional, meaning that it is influenced by multiple social identities such as race, gender, sexuality, class, and age. For example, a person with a disability who is also a member of a marginalized racial or ethnic group may experience unique forms of discrimination and oppression that are different from those experienced by a white person with a disability.

The Social Identity/Cultural Affiliation Model of Disability provides a framework for understanding disability as a complex and multifaceted phenomenon that is shaped by social and cultural factors. It highlights the importance of recognizing and valuing the diversity and richness of disability culture and experiences.


The model shares much of the social model's understanding. But it differs by claiming disability as a positive identity. Something to be proud of.


Groups of people with different types of disabilities - or even without any disabilities - may consider themselves part of the same social group. Some might feel excluded if they don't fit the group's expectations. Strongly identifying with other people with disabilities may partly be a result of feeling excluded from the rest of society.

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